Medical Acupuncture

Low-Frequency Electroacupuncture Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Diabetic Mice through Activation of SIRT1/PGC-1α in Skeletal Muscle

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Figure 4: Schematic model of electroacupuncture on insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. SIRT1-mediated deacetylation of PGC1α is required to activate genes that are associated with mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in response to energy demands. The resultant increase in expression of mitochondrial genes, including NRF1, could exert positive effects on insulin signaling. eNOS: endothelial nitric oxide synthase; PGC1α: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α; SIRT1: Sirtuin 1; NRF1: nuclear respiratory factor 1.

This study suggested a preliminary mechanism of electroacupuncture. Specifically, low-frequency EA improved insulin sensitivity in a mouse model of genetic insulin resistance and diabetes, at least in part, via stimulation of SIRT1/PGC-1α in the skeletal muscle. Events involved in this mechanism are presented in Figure 4. This effect leads to a net switch in the metabolic program of the organism to an adaptation that may be of benefit in the face of disorders characterized by insulin resistance. The study introduces an effective and safe activator (electroacupuncture) for SIRT1, offering a basis for applying acupuncture in clinical practice in the treatment of diseases related to insulin resistance.

Low-Frequency Electroacupuncture Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Diabetic Mice through Activation of SIRT1/PGC-1α in Skeletal Muscle

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011

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Medical Acupuncture

Neurophysiological Basis of Acupuncture-induced Analgesia—An Updated Review

This article presents an up-to-date review of the various neurophysiologic mechanisms that have been proposed to produce acupuncture-induced analgesia.

Figure 4. Schematic diagram of the best explanation of the physiologic basis of acupuncture-induced analgesia.

Blue arrows = activation; red arrows = inhibition. 5-HT = 5-hydroxytryptamine; DNIC = diffuse noxious inhibitory control; LTD = long-term depression; LTP = long-term potentiation.

 

Neurophysiological Basis of Acupuncture-induced Analgesia—An Updated Review

Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies

Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2012, Pages 261-270

 

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Medical Acupuncture

Critical roles of TRPV2 channels, histamine H1 and adenosine A1 receptors in the initiation of acupoint signals for acupuncture analgesia

The mast cell is the central structure of acupoints and is activated by acupuncture through TRPV2 channels. The mast cell transduces the mechanical stimuli to acupuncture signal by activating either H1 or A1 receptors, therefore triggering the acupuncture effect in the subject.

Figure 3

Critical roles of TRPV2 channels, histamine H1 and adenosine A1 receptors in the initiation of acupoint signals for acupuncture analgesia

Scientific Reports, volume 8, Article number: 6523 (2018)

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Medical Acupuncture

Electroacupuncture for Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

The participants in the EA group received EA treatment with a mixed current of 2 Hz/120 Hz at 12 acupuncture points (bilateral Zusanli [ST36], Xuanzhong [GB39], Yinlingquan [SP9], Sanyinjiao [SP6], Taichong [LR3], and Zulinqi [GB41]) twice per week for 8 weeks. Depending on the sites of pain, the additional acupuncture point Bafeng (EX-LE10) was available.

Electroacupuncture for Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy A Multicenter Randomized Assessor Blinded Controlled Trial

“To our knowledge, this is the first multicenter randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of EA treatment for the management in PDN. One limitation is that neither a placebo nor sham EA was used as an active control; therefore, the possibility of a placebo effect was not excluded. In conclusion, the results of this study
demonstrate that EA treatment is effective for reducing pain and improving sleep disturbance and quality of life in PDN. In addition, EA treatment was well tolerated and safe during this study. These findings suggest that EA treatment may be recommended as a nonpharmacological treatment for pain reduction in PDN.”

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Integrative Cancer Care, Medical Acupuncture

Understanding the Benefits of Acupuncture Treatment for Cancer Pain Management

  • Two types of pain caused by cancer treatment in which several acupuncture studies have been conducted are: (1) aromatase inhibitor–associated arthralgia (AIAA) and aromatase inhibitor–associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) and (2) chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN).
  • There is a moderate amount of evidence supporting the analgesic effect of acupuncture. In selected patients, acupuncture can be a useful addition to a comprehensive pain management plan.
  • Acupuncture is generally safe when performed by properly trained practitioners. There are specific safety precautions for cancer patients.
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Herbal Medicines, Integrative Cancer Care

Survival Benefits of Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Survival Benefits of Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

We conclude, from this small retrospective study, that TCM treatment was associated with a survival benefit in patients with pancreatic cancer. In addition, TCM in combination with WM would be a better optimal treatment for patients with pancreatic cancer to improve survival time. More importantly, we provide TCM practitioners with a proposal that heat-clearing, diuresis-promoting and detoxification TCM treatment may improve the efficacy of TCM in patients with pancreatic cancer.

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Three Kinds of Supporting TCM Treatment Methods on Pancreatic Cancer and Most Commonly Used Herbs of Each Method
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Medical Acupuncture

Acupuncture changes your Neural Network.

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“Acupuncture Therapies and Neuroplasticity” is an annual special issue published in “Neural Plasticity.” You can find many scientific studies in this journal provided at:

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/acupuncture.therapies.neuroplasticity/

Medical acupuncture is based on physiology and neuroscience like this. From those studies, you can learn how acupuncture works.

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