our findings support acupuncture as an effective treatment in alleviating pain among cancer patients and survivors, particularly malignancy-related and surgery-induced pain. To expand the application of acupuncture on cancer-related pain, investigators should clearly define the types of cancer pain (e.g. malignancy related pain) as inclusion criteria in the future studies.
“Acupuncture Therapies and Neuroplasticity” is an annual special issue published in “Neural Plasticity.” You can find many scientific studies in this journal provided at:
Medical acupuncture is based on physiology and neuroscience like this. From those studies, you can learn how acupuncture works.
Acupuncture for Chemoradiation Therapy-Related Dysphagia in Head and Neck Cancer: A Pilot Randomized Sham-Controlled Trial
“A blinded, sham-controlled, randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of verum acupuncture in treating dysphagia-related QOL in patients with advanced stage of HNC undergoing intense CRT found the procedure to be feasible, safe, and well tolerated. Dysphagia-related QOL improved with both active acupuncture and sham acupuncture.”
Acupuncture points used for chemoradiation-related dysphagia in head and neck cancer. To avoid the radiation field, acupuncture points needled before week 4 after CRT (phase 1, solid round circles) were selected to avoid the chin and neck area. Additional points were added at week 4 after CRT visit (phase 2, solid diamonds) and at the week 12 after CRT (phase 3, solid triangles). Electrostimulation was added starting with the third visit.
“Electro-acupuncture combined with conventional routine care has the potential of reducing spasticity in upper and lower limb and improving overall and lower extremity motor function and activity of daily living for spasticity patients within 180 days post stroke.”
In total, 22 trials met the search criteria and were included involving 1,425 participants. The estimated add-on effects of EA to reduce spasticity in upper limb measured by MAS (SMD: -0.57[-0.84, -0.29]) and improve overall motor function measured by FMA (MD: 10.60[8.67, 12.53]) were significant. It was also found that for spasticity in lower limb, lower-limb motor function and activity of daily living, significant add-on effects of EA were also shown (SMD: -0.88[-1.42, -0.35], MD:4.42[0.06, 8.78] and MD: 6.85[3.64, 10.05] respectively), though with high heterogeneity. For upper-limb motor function, no significant add-on effects of EA was received.
“Electric Acupuncture showed greater short-term and long-term benefits for chronic discogenic sciatica than Medium-Frequency Electrotherapy, and the effect of EA was superior to that of MFE.”
A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture versus Medium-Frequency Electrotherapy for Discogenic Sciatica
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9502718, 9 pages
We found that each acupoint had a distinct spatial pattern of indications, and that the patterns were strongly associated with routes of the meridian.
To cite this article:
Brinkhaus Benno, Roll Stephanie, Jena Susanne, Icke Katja, Adam Daniela, Binting Sylvia, Lotz Fabian, Willich Stefan N., and Witt Claudia M.. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. March 2017, ahead of print. doi:10.1089/acm.2016.0357.
Online Ahead of Print: March 13, 2017
In the randomized part, acupuncture was associated with an improvement in the AQLQ score compared to the control group (difference acupuncture vs. control group 0.7 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.5–1.0]) as well as in the physical component scale and the mental component scale of the SF-36 (physical: 2.5 [1.0–4.0]; mental 4.0 [2.1–6.0]) after 3 months. Treatment success was maintained throughout 6 months. Patients not consenting to randomization showed similar improvements as the randomized acupuncture group.
From the available evidence, acupuncture may have beneficial effects on improving dependency, global neurological deficiency, and some specific neurological impairments for people with stroke in the convalescent stage, with no obvious serious adverse events. However, most included trials were of inadequate quality and size. There is, therefore, inadequate evidence to draw any conclusions about its routine use. Rigorously designed, randomised, multi-centre, large sample trials of acupuncture for stroke are needed to further assess its effects.
among 514 articles, 67 were selected to be fully read and 19 were included. Among these, 11 were found to have strong evidence levels. (…) Its results showed positive and statistically significant effects from using acupuncture for treating subjects with anxiety.
acupuncture seems to be a promising treatment for anxiety; however, there is a need for improving the methodological quality of the research on this field.